A new technology called Biotechnology has immersed in India with a great popularity. This technology deals with the manipulation of cell components of entities in biological systems, which can led to the development of new biological products. Biotechnology was started at the period when the humans first realized that they can grow their own plants and could breed their animals. One of the most basic experiments that is performed in the regular household on this technology is making a curd out of milk through fermentation process.
Biotechnology varies from very simple experiments to complex ones. When talking about complex procedures, it includes gene splicing, recombinant DNA where we can combine genetic elements of two different living cells. This is an experimental technology and makes the student to learn more about genetic information. Biotechnology in itself is one of the largest technologies. Students can pursue their post-graduation M.Sc./M.tech in this technology. All India Biotechnology entrance exams are being conducted to get admission for the post-graduation courses. These exams are being conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Eligibility criteria to take admission in M.sc in biotechnology is at least 55% in 10th class, 12th class and in graduation with the pattern of education in agricultural, veterinary, fishery sciences, physical and biological. Eligibility criteria to take admission in M.tech in biotechnology are graduation in B.Pharma, chemical/Bio-chemical engineering, Food technology, pharmaceutical technology etc.
After multimedia stream, biotechnology is being considered with the highest growth rate providing the tremendous amount of employment. In this sector immense hard work, challenges, patience and perseverance is required to achieve correct results. Most biotechnologists are generally involved in research and development work or in departments of industries and institutions which are totally involved in biotechnology work. This technology provides onsite opportunity to a larger extent to the students who are totally involved in this technology.
Some of the industries that employ biotechnologists at good package are - Sun Pharma, IDPL, Indo American Hybrid Seeds, Thapar group, bincon India limited, bivcol, Hindustan antibiotics, Hindustan lever etc.
Institutes and Laboratories employing biotechnologists – National Botanical Institute, Tata Energy Research Institute, Plants Institute, CSIR, National Institute of Immunology, Agricultural Research Institute etc.