The foundation on which India's intellectual capital is built is Primary education. There is lot of improvement on education of India over last three decades. Now, schools are accessible to most of the kids, both children enrollment and their attendances are at highest levels, teachers are even remunerated adequately.
The RTE Act guaranteed a quality education to wide range of students than before. However, challenges in monitoring and implementing high standards in learning and teaching outcomes across cultural, regional and socioeconomic subsets prevent our country from achieving this goal fully.
In addition, teacher scalability of high-performing professionals in different area, limited utilization of technology in classrooms and arranging funds in allocation for schools remain barriers to reform primary education.
India's growth relies on skilled and well educated workforce. Improving education is quite critical to focus and invest. A weak foundation in education may derail the careers, lives and productivity of its citizens. Already, a considerable proportion of adult workforce is severely under-equipped in India in order to perform semi-skilled and skilled jobs.
Significance of primary education
Primary education is now the foundation through which the development of the nation as well as citizens is built on as a whole. India has made a progress hugely in terms of increasing retention, enrolment, expanding literacy, regular attendance rate in primary education to 2/3rd of its population approximately. India's progressive education system is cited often as one of the most important contributors to its economic development. Simultaneously, the elementary education's quality in India has even been a major concern. Primary education is important for the economic development of India
Declining rates are uneven
The country's education quality is in serious crisis as it's startlingly low. The poor education quality and declining rate are however not even/uniform across India. Few states are very low in quality, but are still staying where they are like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh whereas few states have higher levels of education but are neither deteriorating nor improving like Kerala, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh.
High absenteeism and low teacher motivation
A key factor why primary education affects is due to the level of teacher motivation is very low. In 2002-03, primary school teachers were absent by 25% in rural India on any given day. The impact of absenteeism states that the primary school in India is enough with workforce of not more than three teachers.
Discouragement by administrative system
Another factor that disheartens is, an administrative system which discourages decision making and makes difficult to implement. Here, teachers are implementing standards/programs without properly understanding their ultimate goals and key principles.
Government of India recognizes educational reforms requirements at every level and always has made efforts to achieve it. In the scenario of India's primary education, at primary level there lot of ills plaguing educational scenario.
Furthermore, to develop India as consumer market, it's imperative that its children reap the benefits of high quality education. Otherwise, large segments of population in rural India will definitely continue to have very low purchasing power and will find themselves in high leveraged scenarios.