Education is a fundamental right of every individual. It is needed in everyday life. It enables a person to think, question and innovate. It makes us alarmed about the world around us, to become a civilized person. In India both public sector and the private sector provide education. They are controlled and funded by the central, state and local. In India there are 343 Universities and 17000 colleges and counting. With India striving to be the most populous country in the world, 1/3rd of total illiterate people in the world being Indians is a serious issue.
Education problem has been a serious issue since many years and its still in existence. Inadequate and improper use of funds- Fund crisis is one the major reason of education problem in India. If funds are available they are not used in adequate manner. According to a survey 30% of total funds sanctioned by government are utilized for higher education leaving the primary education to stagger. The lack of proper utilization of funds towards education in rural areas gives rise to shortage of teachers, lack of proper infrastructure and shortage of books and study materials.
Population Increase- India ranks second among the most populous country in the world. The population of India represents about 17% to the total population of the world. This high population results in poverty and illiteracy.
Supply is less than demand- There are shortage of teacher in rural areas. It becomes a burden for a teacher to teach a numerous number of students in a single batch. Every student is not able to get equal attention. Some teachers are not qualified enough which results to poor quality of education. The pay scales of teachers in some regions of Indian are also very poor which doesn't motivate people to come in this profession. Many teachers refuse to teach in rural areas.
Inadequate Education Policies- The majority of population in India is below poverty line. They depend on the government aided schools. These schools provide poor quality education and follow out dated syllabus structure in compare to school affiliated to CBSE and CISCE schools. The fees structure in CBSE and CISCE schools are very high which prevent the poor mass to get admission to these schools.
Less Involvement of Citizens- The illiterate mass of people rarely raise voice against inadequate policies of government. They are not able to raise voice on the issues they are aware of. The education authorities do not involve parents and common people in implementing new education policies.
Political Involvement- Many of our politicians are less educated. Education has been a business for politicians. They reserve seats for the people in their own network for their own profit motive. This biasness towards seat reservation leads to the deserving candidates biting the dust.
The solution to this problem is "“ Firstly the rural population of India has to be taught about family planning which leads to population control. This can be done by arranging various campaign programmers. Secondly the teachers have to be well remunerated. This will be the driving factor for them to get trained well and teach better. Thirdly the structure of syllabus in government schools should be well updated to match that in private and international schools. Fourthly the judicial system should have different body which will keep a tab on partial admissions provided by influential politicians. Last but not the least, Indians need to educate and not just literate the youth because an educated country leads to healthy future for the coming generation.