The part of Indian education was very integral and important since the foundation times of India. In the recent times education system has changed a lot showing a great increment in the percentage of education. This has only been possible with the intensity of Indian economy. There are many roles of government and also you can find different kinds of advantages and disadvantages of Indian education.
The Indian government has established the University Grants Commission (UGC) for promoting and accelerating the education system in India. This commission functions mainly for the upliftment and betterment of higher education in India. For the primary education, the government has also taken a few steps. One of the main problems in the education of India is the economic problems in the families. For this, the government has made elementary education for the children in the age range 4-14 years compulsory and free of cost. Sarvo Siksha Aviyan is made mainly for the poor children. In this, children are given free education with one time meal. Added to this government has also taken steps in imparting computer education in the primary levels.
Statistics of current Indian education
According to the current statistics, it has been that the level of primary education has evolved a lot in the Indian society. Approximately, two third of the population is being crossed by the primary education. But in this, 40 % are still illiterate and only 20 % of the students catch the school. The total literacy percentage in India is 65.38 %. But you will find a great gap in the percentage between urban and rural areas. Urban areas have a literacy percentage of 80 whereas rural areas have 59.4 % of literacy rate.
Advantages of Indian education
With the advancement of education, India has seen a great development in the field of economy. People are less unemployed and some of them are even self-employed. One of the best positive things is that the child labor has gone down to a great extent. There are also reservation systems available for the socially deprived people. The present statistics is 7.5% of the schedule tribes, 15% for the schedule castes and 27% of the other backward class.
Presently there are mainly two boards apart from the state boards imparting education till higher secondary, that is, ICSE and CBSE. Added to this there are also Open Universities providing study at home facility. If you look at the technical fields, there are many institutions providing higher education. Also you will find some institution providing the facility of e-Tutorial.
Disadvantages of Indian education
Apart from the pros, there are many cons involved in the Indian education system. There are many political heads which form a great gap between Indian government and the common people. Some of them take money from the government but don't utilize for the good of the common people. Also you will find many socially forward people taking the advantages of the reservation system. The problem lies in the large percentage of illiteracy and population. These two things need to be focused much before making any development.
In short, India is a progressing country and the present scenario of Indian education has improved a lot from the past. Different kinds of steps are taken by the government for bettering the present Indian education.