Wondering what the Indian Educational system is all about? Well, it is one of the most remarkable systems of the world, and it dates back to the ancient times. In fact, the Indian educational system journeys from the Guru Shiksha Education to the modern day system. Want to delve into the entire history of this system? Well, simply glance on, to know better.
Ancient Guru Shiksha Education
The Indian Education System dates back to the ancient times when the Guru Shiksha Education was popularly prevalent. In those days, education was carried out by the word of mouth. A guru or a teacher would teach his students from myriad scriptures.
The Modern School System
Soon, with the advent of time, the Modern School System came into existence. This system was convened in the English Language and it was first started by Sir Thomas Macaulay in the 1830's. During that time, emphasis was given to English Learning. Apart from this, science and mathematics was also taught in these 'Modern Schools'.
Centralized Educational System
In 1952 the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) came into existence, and initially all the schools of Delhi and other schools of some adjoining areas came under this system of education. Different ranges of textbooks and also an examination was sought by this board. Initially it called for only secondary examinations. However, with time, it also conducted an All in India Higher Secondary examination for the 10+2.
Indian Schooling System at a glance
Following are the myriad ranges of Indian schooling system;
"· There are the State boards of each and every state of India. Maximum children are enrolled here. Secondary and higher secondary exam is conducted by these boards.
"· CBSE conducts Secondary and Higher Secondary Exam.
"· The CISCE (Council for Indian School Certificate Exam) conducts certificate exam for the secondary (ICSE 10th) Higher Secondary (ISC 10+2) and Vocational Education (CVE class 12).
"· The NIOS (national School Of Open Education) conducts Secondary, Senior Secondary and also Vocational Education.
"· International Baccalaureate program is affiliated to all the International Schools of the Country.
"· Islamic Madrasahs are also prevalent which are either affiliated to the State board or to the Darul-Uloom-Doebaad.
"· Varied ranges of autonomous schools are also prevalent throughout the length and breadth of the country.
Currently the 10+2+3 system is followed in India which refers to 10+2 years of Primary, Secondary and High Schooling followed by a 3 year course from colleges.
Higher Education in India
After passing the 12th Grade the qualified students can always enroll for the general degree courses like bachelor in arts, commerce and science. Apart from this, they can also enroll themselves in the professional degree courses like degree in engineering, management, law and medicine. The bachelor degree course has a program of 3 years however; the professional degree courses have 4 and 5 years as the time frame for degree.
Technical Education in India
In order to combat the expediting unemployment problems in the country, it was decided to introduce technical education systems which would be approved by the AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education). Till date, there are myriad institutions imparting technical education in the country.
Enthusiastic students can enroll themselves in NIOS for school level distance learning. Again, then can also enroll themselves in Indira Gandhi Memorial Institute (IGNOU) for college and university level distance education.
All in all, with the advancement of time Indian Government tried to add new levels of Educational systems in order to reach out education to one and all.