Coaching Institutes play a vital role in preparing and grooming students for entrance examinations to higher education. The reason is that curriculum in schools and colleges do not equip students to appear for entrance examinations. The educational system in schools and colleges do not match with the expectations of higher education institutes. Premier institutes like IIT, IIM tests students’ ability that how far they have understood the concepts and whether they are able to apply the concepts in practical.
But in educational institutions, students are taught from the examination point of view. System of education in India is more examination oriented. There is a system of examination and there is no system of education in India. Students memorize the concept and they reproduce them in the examination. Examination tests student’s memory power only. But then, where do they prepare themselves for competitive entrance examinations? Here comes the role of Coaching Institutes. These institutes teach students the concepts of science, mathematics and similar subjects. What students are ought to learn at schools is being taught at these coaching centres. With the student’s concepts being limited to bookish knowledge, students are unable to get through in the entrance examinations of higher education. IIT’s are the most prestigious Institutes of India. It is the dream of every aspiring engineer to study at IIT. One may get admission in the IITS by clearing the Joint Entrance Exams. The coaching institutes mainly help students to clear the Joint.
With the many benefits provided by the coaching centres, there come some problems too. Of course through these institutes, students are trained well in learning science concepts. But the fees they are charging are exorbitant. A report says that nearly 5000 million rupees is spent together by all students getting training in these institutes. Coaching institutes also cannot be blamed for these high fees, as they are paying handsome salary to their faculties. Moreover, as these coaching institutes are situated in cities, rural students are denied of this opportunity.
Remedy to this issue:-
The curriculum in education should be restructured, so that it improves students’ comprehensive ability, making them to understand the concepts well as well as to train them to attend the entrance exams of premier institutes. Government may consider starting boarding schools having separate curriculum, where talented students are selected, admitted and trained to appear for entrance examinations. Government may consider giving subsidy to these schools and nominal fee may be charged from the students. Changes in pattern of examinations should be done. Objective type questions may be introduced, to test whether the students have understood the concepts. This may be considered as a reform in higher education in India.