Right to primary education is a primary right of every Indian Citizen, no matter if he lives in a rural area or urban area. However, if we consider the condition of education in the rural areas, it is very bad. Many cases can be easily see where no education is provided to the children belonging to poor family, as they were made to work to earn the living.
The Indian Government is trying its best to change the trend. Many initiatives are taken by the governing body to improve the literacy rating in the country. Out of that initiative the ‘SarvaShikshaAbhiyan’ launched in year 2001, has got most recognition. According to this initiative, at least primary education has been made mandatory for every citizen of the country. In addition to that chiefly for the farmers, various night schools have also been started, so that in daylight thesepeople can do their work and at night they can study. Government has made the education compulsory for farmers as to enhance their skills and increase the productivity.
Some other projects started by Government of India to improvise the education are as follows:
- Amarpurkashi project which has been running successfully for over past 39 years and facilitates many activities such as:
- Primary school which can accommodate over 200 pupils
- Inter College which accommodates over 800 pupils.
- Gramodaya Degree College being affiliated to local university and has accommodation capacity of 1300 students. It also runs free eye camps and health camps which can treat large number of villagers.
- Provides the research work.
- Rishi Valley Rural Education Project
This project has three main components- residential school, conservation program and rural education centre. This project aimed at establishing a network of Satellite Schools in villages and providing the vocational training.
Rural education in India chiefly affected by the socio-economic factors such as religious practices, beliefs, economic condition, hierarchical system, etc. Besides, many old people in these areas are having lack of awareness about the benefits of education and treat it as waste of time. Thus instead of sending their children to schools, they prefer making them work on the farms or other places to earn food. By looking at this situation government started the mid-day meal scheme. The objective of this scheme was- improving the nutritional value of children, encouraging them to attend the school regularly. This scheme attracted more students to attend school and the result was more than average.
One of the primary needs to promote education in rural areas is the availability of good infrastructure. And with the advancement in technology, it is not a difficult job. Use of technology has paced up the progress rate of rural education. The children of rural areas are achieving a great height of success as they learn things very seriously. And the Indian Government is trying its level best to provide all resources and means to these children so that they can come out and prove themselves in front of everyone.