Education in India is geed in all aspects. It ranks third in all countries in the world. But the socioeconomic conditions in India do not provide facilities to have uniform distribution of education among all states in India. Many states like Lakshadweep, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry ranks the top in providing education to children. But Bihar and Uttar Pradesh lacks the facilities for giving primary education.
Primary education is compulsory and is termed as elementary education. It is necessary for all children to get elementary education then followed by middle school. Primary education is must to spread literacy and basic knowledge of numeracy among all children. It is the only way to stop child labour. Primary education includes basic knowledge of mathematics, science, history, geography and languages.
Proper primary education must be given through good teaching faculties and schools must have a good environment. But the condition of the primary education in India is not equal in all the states. In some states children get pre primary education in kindergarten while in some states they are not allowed to join the schools. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have the most illiteracy rate among others primary education is not up to the mark.
Report from the District Information System for education (DISE) says that UP ranks 32 position among all the 35 states in the primary education system. This ranking was based on education system, school infrastructure, school and teaching environment and teaching faculties.
Uttar Pradesh has the largest count of child labours across the country. The parents do not find education necessary for their children. The valid reason behind such conflicts is lack of literacy among the parents. They find it a trend to make their kids follow the path of their ancestors for doing work and earn money rather than going to school.
The educational development index (EDI) calculated is based on four criteria- infrastructure, access, teaching faculties and outcome of education. Although most of the schools in Uttar Pradesh are well equipped with toilets, well ventilated classrooms, drinking water facilities but these schools lack proper teaching staffs. Teachers are not up to mark and there are no provisions for making teaching good and markable.
Uttar Pradesh also fails to accommodate all the children in the schools. In all places of Uttar Pradesh, schools are not present within 10 sq km. The school conditions are also not up to the mark. DISE reports say that Uttar Pradesh has been marked as the third-worst state in the case of elementary education. Dropout rates are higher than the students enrolled each year. Parents do not prefer sending their girl child to school. There has a little increase of about 2% since two years for students in class V to VIII.
The teaching staffs are not good. The working environments are also not satisfactory. Latest reports by an educational officer say that government schools do not have satisfied working condition. This pressure some interested students to join private schools. If the Uttar Pradesh government does not take up mandatory actions regarding these issues, it would be hard to spread good education among the UP children.