According to a study by a renowned University of India in the year 2012, there has been a growth over 250% in the number of students who are going abroad (especially to western countries) for higher studies. So the question arises why? Don't you think there is a big question mark on our education system? Over a longer period of time, we, who are called as 'the third world country', are supplying engineers, doctors, architectures, etc. to the western world which is also termed as 'brain drain'.
The first and foremost reason of studying abroad is the ever increasing competition in our educational sector. Right away from school level, students who score as high as 90% do not get seats in the desirable college. There is an unnecessary pressure and burden of clearing various types of entrance examinations to score a seat in Engineering, Medical, Commerce or Arts College. The problem is not yet finished, the no. of seats in those premier institutes are limited. Thus students opt for private institutions which took a hefty amount of fees. Moreover the quality of education provided there is another big point of concern. So what is the use of spending so much money when you have to compromise on quality? Hence "foreign education" comes up as a good option on quality basis.
The merit or unreserved seats in our universities are more competitive than even a top 20 university in the world! This paradoxical situation has emerged owing to the slightly twisted demand and supply economics that operates in our education system. Considering that the cost of seats under the management quota for professional colleges is unregulated and requires large undisclosed sums of cash, sometimes it becomes cheaper to study in top ranking universities abroad.
International Education offers global views and perspective that enhances the education of students who are campus bound, in pursuit of an on-line degree or who have the opportunity to explore cultures and languages through education abroad. Apart from this, better job prospects are another major reason behind this trend of study abroad. Most global companies prefer candidates who can work well not only in their country but as well as abroad. Thus getting education from a foreign university is an added advantage. Studying abroad also improves one's personality, communication skills, lifestyle, social contacts, and at the same time one can experience a different quality of life.
There is also a vast difference in the education policy between ours and foreign universities. Most of the foreign universities are very flexible and one can choose from a range of subjects. A student can choose to do dual major, minor and free elective courses. Unconventional methods of teaching in foreign universities help in personality development and hence attract students. Foreign universities do a lot of experiments with the node and style of teaching which is not followed in our country. Infrastructure facilities are much better over there as compared to ours.
In short we can say because of the fundamental differences in education, competition, quality of life, job after completing studies, overall personality development etc., most students prefer foreign universities for further studies.