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The first known documentation of the word 'Punjab' is in the writings of Ibn Batuta, who visited the region in the fourteenth century. The term came into wider use in the second half of the sixteenth century, and was used in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah Suri (1580), which describes the construction of a fort by 'Sher Khan of Punjab'.
Reference of 'Punjab' can also be found in volume one of "Ain-e-Akbari", written by Abul Fazal, where 'Punjab' describes the territory that can be divided into provinces of Lahore and Multan. Similarly, in the second volume of Ain-e-Akbari, the title of a chapter includes the word 'Panjnad' in it.
However, the first mentioning of Sanskrit equivalent of 'Punjab' occurs in the great epic, the Mahabharata, where it is described as pancha-nada, which means 'country of five rivers'. The Mughal King Jahangir also mentions the word Panjab in 'Tuzk-i-Janhageeri', derived from Persian and introduced by the Turkic conquerors of India, literally means "five" (panj) "waters" (ab), i.e., the Land of Five Rivers, referring to the five rivers which go through it. It was because of this that it was made the granary of British India.