According to the researches, if your child is not engaging well in the classroom activities then it may be the result of the physical abuse and punishment to which he or she is subjected to at home.
During the study, researchers found that children which are exposed to mild, harsh and abusive physical abuse at home have low cognitive performance while children which are exposed to non-abusive forms of physical punishment suffered from reduced school engagement and increased peer isolation.
Even if physical punishment does not lead to some physical injury still child is bound to experience emotions like fear and distress, which impact the structure of the brain, development and overall well-being in a negative way.
"This punishment style is meant to inflict minor pain so the child will change their behaviour to avoid future punishment, but it does not give children the opportunity to learn how to behave appropriately through explanation and reasoning," said Sarah Font, assistant professor at the Pennsylvania State University.
Researchers further noticed that even a mild physical punishment can develop into physical abuse and can impact the child's cognitive and social school functioning.
"This suggests that preventing physical abuse could promote children's cognitive performance," Font said while parents should be educated on alternative forms of punishment.