All parents are advised to take some time out of their busy schedule to read books to their children and also engage them in the process. According to the researchers, engaging with the children while reading the books give their brain a cognitive boost.
An important point is that while reading books to children has many benefits but simply reading the words out aloud is not enough to develop their cognitive abilities, according to the researchers.
"The takeaway for parents in this study is that they should engage more when reading with their child, ask questions, have them turn the page, and interact with each other," said lead author of the study John Hutton, a pediatrician at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Centre in the US.
It was found during the Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that children who were more engage during the story listening have higher brain activation.
"In turn, this could fuel brain activation -- or 'turbocharge' the development of literacy skills, particularly comprehension, in preschool-aged children," Hutton said.
The study involved the functional MRI scans of 22 girls of age 4.
"Our findings underscore the importance of interventions explicitly addressing both parent and child reading engagement, including awareness and reduction of distractions such as cellphones, which were the most common preventable barrier that we observed," Hutton said.