It's surprising to find out that majority of the
states/Union Territories' class X students are performing below average in all subjects. It was revealed in the first ever survey of learning
achievement of class X students with a sample of 2.77 lakh students in 7,216
schools across 33 states/UTs conducted by NCERT.
NCERT is also working towards providing results of these
surveys to all the states, examination boards and schools. Due to the much
touted Pratham's Annual Status of Education Report, the country's first private
audit of school education in rural India, NCERT prepared an analysis of its
The subject wise results of surveys are as follows- in class
X only 41% students were able to answer correctly in English; in mathematics,
only 40% students made the cut. Similarly, in science, overall 43% students
were able to come up with the right answers while the overall score in social
science was 47%. The best results were found in Indian languages where 53%
students were able to answer.
The school wise results differ significantly i.e. scores of
students belonging to government, government-aided schools and private schools.
Private schools were able to score better with 277 out of 500 while government
schools trailed behind with students scoring 236 and government-aided to 246.
Let's see the results of urban and rural student's subject
wise. It was found that urban students performed better in Haryana, Meghalaya,
Nagaland, J&K and other states in English. Similarly, in mathematics,
urbanites performed better, while in science rural students performed better
than urban ones in states like Assam, Kerala and West Bengal. In social
science, rural students of Kerala performed better than urban students. Low
scores were due to lack of understanding and clarity.
NCERT while comparing its National Achievement Survey with
Pratham's ASER said that it assesses class specific assessment while latter
does basic ability. While analyzing the data, NCERT looks for association of
school, teacher and student's background variables rather than simple mean,
percent and aggregates without factoring in impact of variables used by ASER.
To arrive at conclusions, NCERT's NAS uses internationally recognized Item
Response Theory and Classical Test Theory (CTT) while ASER only uses CTT.