There has been a rise in candidates enrolled in PhD and MPhil courses receiving fellowships from All-Indian Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and University Grants Commission (UGC). It's due to increase in number of students opting for higher studies. The schemes as part of fellowships included Junior Research and Non-National Eligibility Test (Non-NET) Fellowships.
41,970 students got fellowships in 2013-14 while in 2014-15, an increase of 14,054 students was seen. This year so far, 69,435 students have been awarded with fellowship. The fellowship amount of the UGC for research degree students for the initial two years is Rs 25,000 and for the remaining time is Rs 28,000. Not only this, students are also eligible for various allowances. Under the Non - NET schemes, the fellowship awarded through the UGC grants to PhD students is Rs 8,000 and Rs 5,000 to MPhil students.
Despite these, in UGC there is no fixed allocation. Central government releases the block grants to the UGC for determination, maintenance and promotion of standard of education. The fellowship amount issued by the UGC and AICTE on fellowship schemes in the 2013-14 was Rs 439.40 crore for students pursuing research degrees. Last year, it went upto Rs 874.53 crore. In 2016, it has increased to Rs 1,013.23 crore. Annually, around 30,000 students are selected for the fellowship schemes.
The various fellowships schemes given to students are Post-Doctoral Fellowships for Women, Dr S Radhakrishnan Post-Doctoral Fellowships for Women in Humanities and Social Sciences, Dr DS Kothari Post-Doctoral Fellowships, Emeritus Fellowship, Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Students Belonging to Minorities, Junior/ Senior Research Fellowships, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for SC Students, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowships for Students with Disabilities etc.